Super master Paul Morphy of New Orleans

The American Chess Champion Paul Morphy

At least from his early-middle-aged years until he died in 1884, Paul Morphy reportedly considered chess an amateur activity, not to be pursued as a profession. Yet in his younger years he played many chess games, even defeating adults when he was a small child.

He won the first American Chess Congress in 1857, with the following score:

14 wins

1 loss

3 draws

Perhaps even more rare than the 14-to-1 win/loss ratio (draws did not count in 1857), Morphy refused the cash prize after winning the tournament, very rare for a chess master.

chess tournament in 1857The 18 contestants in the first American Chess Congress (Morphy in the middle of right column)

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Chess Games in Europe (1858-1859)

According to Wikipedia, Paul Morphy’s record in Europe was as follows (not including casual games, only formal matches, none of which he lost):

38 wins

11 loses

8 draws

After winning so many games against many of the best European chess masters, Paul Morphy was often proclaimed, by those who saw his victories, the champion of the world.

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Super master Paul Morphy of New Orleans

Paul Morphy – American chess champion

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Chess Book for Beginners

. . . new paperback book, about to be published, really is for the early beginner, the player who knows the rules of chess but almost nothing else about the game.

Free E-Book on Paul Morphy

The [Chess] Congress was advertised to open on the 6th of October [1857] . . . First of all came Judge Meek, of Alabama . . . Soon after him followed Mr. Louis Paulsen . . .

Chess for Children

In a study by the New York City Schools, it was found that “Chess dramatically improves a child’s ability to think rationally . . . increases cognitive skills . . . improves children’s communication skills . . .”

A Chess Puzzle

Clear understanding of the influences of chess pieces [how they can move] can here make an apparently difficult problem easy to solve.

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two "pterodactyl" ropens seen in Cuba in 1971

Religion and Belief in Modern Pterosaurs

By Jonathan D. Whitcomb, investigative reporter

A handful of American cryptozoologists and explorers have searched for living pterosaurs around the world and have searched for eyewitnesses of those featherless flying creatures. Let’s examine how religion relates to belief in modern pterosaurs.

The Breadth of Sighting Locations

Over the past twelve years, I have received emails from five continents, from persons of various cultures, various religions, and various backgrounds. Most of them are eyewitnesses of apparent pterosaurs, not paleontologists examining fossil bones but ordinary persons who have witnessed an extraordinary winged creature that resembles a pterosaur more than a bird or bat.

Yet I have done more than read emails. In 2004 I traveled to Papua New Guinea and explored part of Umboi Island with my interpreter-bodyguard, the native Luke Paina. We searched for the nocturnal ropen and almost totally failed, but we succeeded in finding many eyewitnesses of the gigantic featherless long-tailed flying creature of the night.

After returning to the United States, and during the eleven years since that expedition, I have communicated with many eyewitnesses of apparent pterosaurs. I have learned about the flying creatures and about people. Here are some of the countries where sightings were reported:

  • Papua New Guinea
  • Australia
  • Philippines
  • Afghanistan
  • Namibia
  • Sudan
  • Spain
  • Amsterdam
  • Great Britain
  • Canada
  • United States
  • Mexico
  • Cuba

two "pterodactyl" ropens seen in Cuba in 1971Sketch drawn by an eyewitness of two flying creatures seen in Cuba in 1971

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An Objective Look at Religion

How does religion relate to non-extinct pterosaurs? It appears to mostly connect with one’s passion in searching for those creatures; religion appears unrelated to sightings themselves. In other words, your religion has nothing to do with whether or not you will see an apparent pterosaur, however it relates closely to whether or not you will go on an expedition in search of those creatures. Also, it can relate closely to whether or not you’ll believe an eyewitness.

Critics and skeptics have sometimes ridiculed the living-pterosaur (LP) investigations with a statement like this: “A modern pterosaur will not prove the world is only 6,000 years old. We already have ‘living fossils’ and yet we know the world is billions of years old.”

Yet rarely will a critic quote the words of any LP investigator (like me or Garth Guessman or David Woetzel or Paul Nation), preferring to set up a straw man argument and trying to make us look silly. Let’s take a more objective look at how religion relates to the concept of non-extinct pterosaurs.

Biblical Creation and LP Investigators

Most of the expeditions and interviews were conducted by a few Americans who hold a firm belief in literal readings of the Old Testament. Critics have pointed out that belief, apparently to dismiss everything we have done and said regarding sightings of apparent pterosaurs.

Yet many of the most celebrated scientific discoveries of the last few centuries have been made by those who hold a firm belief in literal readings of the Old Testament. Sir Isaac Newton is said to have spent more hours studying the Bible than in scientific work. That makes any attempt at dismissing LP investigations inappropriate, to say the least, when religious belief is the reason for dismissal. Look at the ideas themselves and consider the value of those ideas.

And yet our purposes can be explained, for those who are actually interested. I cannot speak much on behalf of my colleagues, only for my own purposes, and they have multiple levels.

One Purpose of Jonathan Whitcomb

I here mention one level of purpose, so we’ll let that suffice for now.

I want people of Western cultures to see more clearly, each person thinking more for himself or herself, with a better awareness of how we have been affected by indoctrination. How have we been indoctrinated? A book might be required to address that question completely, but let’s now take a brief look. The following is taken from the fourth edition of my nonfiction book Searching for Ropens and Finding God:

Automatic dismissal of an eyewitness report of a live pterosaur—that usually comes from dogmatically protecting ones philosophy or the universal-extinction assumption of our culture; it does not come from protecting science, at least with what I consider any reasonable definition of science. [page 10 of SFRFG, 4th ed.]

Watch science documentaries for years, those broadcast on American television, and you may find no mention of “origin philosophy,” or even a hint that such a thing exists. Why? Those science documentaries are funded by those who have adopted the standard-model axioms about origins, and they sometimes use the word “science” for that origin philosophy, which includes Darwin’s idea of unlimited common ancestry of all living organisms. [page 338 of SFRFG, 4th ed.]

I know from personal experience that Darwin’s concept of natural selection actually prevents the evolutionary changes he imagined. By the mathematical simulations in my investigation “Evolutionary Boundary,” I know. Take that by faith or reject it or set it on a back burner, but I myself know that flaw in Darwin’s philosophy, by my own personal experience. [page 339 of SFRFG, 4th ed.]

In Western countries, how often does the media portray belief in accidental existence as if that is a foundation of scientific thought! How often is the philosophy of Charles Darwin promoted in universities as if that philosophy is the center point of science! We are taught from childhood through old age, and what are we taught? Not how to think but what to think. Many Americans have rejected the indoctrination, but how many others have been molded into mental zombies, hardly capable of thinking for themselves! Part of my purpose has been to encourage clear independent thinking.

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Pterosaurs and Belief in God

The following online sites contain scientific evidence or observable phenomena that directly or indirectly can lead to belief in the existence of God or confirm the logic of that belief.

Evidence of Modern Pterosaurs or Ropens

Many persons in Western societies, including in the United States, are blind to ideas that run contrary to deeply-entrenched assumptions.

Modern Pterosaur on Creation-Wiki

“Their most primitive representatives (seen through fossils of bats and pterosaurs) are fully transformed as capable fliers.” [“The Evolution of Dinosaurs” by Paul C. Sereno]

Video Evidence for Ropen Bioluminescence

Cliff Paiva, a physicist living in California, analyzed the video footage: two lights that Paul Nation (of Texas) recorded in Papua New Guinea, late in 2006. Whatever the lights were, they were not airplanes, meteors, car headlights, flashlights, or camera artifacts. The images were also not from a paste-on hoax.

The “Bible of Modern Pterosaurs” Cryptozoology Book

“. . . a hope that  carried us to a remote tropical island to search for a  living creature that almost all scientists had set aside  as if dead for millions of years. How dearly we all need  the mother of that little hope: a sense of a worthy  purpose to live!”

The Fiery Flying Serpent and a Book by Whitcomb

Although this new book has been called “the Bible of Modern pterosaurs,” and it explains a new interpretation for the flying “snakes” in the Old Testament, the Bible itself is quoted only in a few places.

Searching for Ropens and Finding God

On Barnes & Noble: “Fly above common true-life adventures, and dive into what may become the most unsettling scientific discovery since Copernicus and Galileo: living pterosaurs of the modern world–what a discovery!”

Brief Introduction to Living Pterosaur Investigations

Youtube video by Jonathan Whitcomb: his Umboi Island expedition in 2004

The Ropen of Papua New Guinea

It is described as a large, featherless flying creature with a long tail. It is reported to glow at night, in a way suggesting the animal controls the light (called “intrinsic bioluminescence”).

Kongamato Pterodactyl

A flying cryptid in Africa: The word “Kongamato” is said to have come from a native word that means “breaker of boats.” Even though some people believe it is a fictional animal of myth, some cryptozoologists belief kongamato is a “pterodactyl,” meaning a pterosaur.

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An eyewitness sketched this from her memory

Why the Ropen is a Modern Pterosaur

Late in 2014, the ropen page of Wikipedia was deleted by a few critics of the American cryptozoologists who searched for this cryptid in expeditions in Papua New Guinea, over many years of searching. Two television adventure shows (semi-documentary) were broadcast by two different production teams, yet that was not enough to prevent the skeptics from eliminating that page on Wikipedia. We have a better way than censorship, a better way to promote the truth.

Of course the issue of credibility may have some merit, but both sides of a controversy need to be addressed, especially in this case, in which different kinds of credibility are involved.

If Wikipedia does not even have a page on the ropen, why even consider the possibility that this reported animal is a modern pterosaur? It’s the similar descriptions given by eyewitnesses from around the world, common persons who have seen an uncommon flying creature.

Yet the public needs to be aware of a simplistic form of credibility that appears on the surface to make modern pterosaurs impossible. Beware of relying too much on a narrow but deeply entrenched cultural assumption, ingrained through generations of indoctrination. It’s the idea that all species of dinosaurs and pterosaurs must have become extinct, in all of their species, by many millions of years ago. That has been drilled into the thinking of children and adults, for generations, in Western countries like the United States.

So what other kind of credibility is there, regarding the possibility that the ropen is a modern pterosaur? Eyewitnesses from around the world report a large featherless flying creature with a long tail. These reports of long tails outnumber reports of a lack of a long tail by 20-to-1 ratio: 41% to 2%, according to analysis of data compiled at the end of 2012. Those sightings come from eyewitnesses of various cultures, from countries like the following:

  • Namibia (Africa)
  • Sudan (Africa)
  • Spain
  • Lithuania
  • Cuba
  • Canada
  • United States
  • Mexico
  • Australia
  • Papua New Guinea

How does this relate to the credibility issue of the ropen being a real non-extinct long-tailed pterosaur? If only Westerners, such as Americans, were telling cryptozoologists about encounters with pterosaurs, and those persons were mostly hoaxers, they would report alleged flying creatures with short tails (or without mentioning any observed tails), for that is the type of pterosaur so often depicted in film and television. But the ration is 20-to-1 in favor of long-tailed “pterodactyls,” which eliminates the possibility that many of the reports are hoaxes.

Now consider the following sketch, drawn by the eyewitness Eskin Kuhn. He was a U.S. Marine, stationed at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, in 1971.

two "pterodactyl" ropens seen in Cuba in 1971

Sketch by the eyewitness Eskin C. Kuhn

This kind of credibility—from looking at one of the sketches drawn by one of the eyewitnesses—tells us to review our long-held beliefs in universal extinctions of all species of dinosaurs and pterosaurs.

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Bioluminescent Ropen

The water-birds resting/sleeping on shore suddenly stirred and made a ruckus, disturbed by whatever was out over the water. . . . As we both looked out at the water, we saw something dark moving over the water, for a second or two only, and then in it’s flight path it started a flashing greeny-blue light, as whatever it was continued to fly just above the water of the dam.

Ropen Eyewitness Credibility

Do pterosaurs still live? In the 21st Century? Don’t  rush to any conclusion; get the facts, then judge  credibility.

Modern Pterosaurs in Griffith Park

In a period of ten weeks, two eyewitnesses saw a total of four flying creatures: three “dragons” and one “pterosaur.” The three were gliding together early in the morning of March 3, 2013, over the I-5 freeway near Griffith Park. The “pterosaur” was seen gliding over that same freeway on May 13, 2013, just a mile and a half to the south.

Ropen Pterosaur Still Living

Since the early 1990’s, there have been at least seven significant expeditions to Papua New Guinea to search for “ropens” and those who’ve seen them.

Definition of the Ropen

According to the book Searching for Ropens and Finding God,  “A modern pterosaur with Rhamphorhynchoid characteristics”  is the definition of “ropen,” . . .

Ropens or “Flying Dinosaurs”

Do you believe in the possibility that long-tailed featherless flying creatures, much larger than any fruit bat, live in the jungles of Papua New Guinea? Your belief depends a great deal on where you lived your childhood: in a village like Gomlongon on Umboi Island or in a western country like the United States.

Pterodactyl or Ropen in Papua New Guinea

. . . he [Jonathan Whitcomb] concluded that the ropen of Umboi is protecting its territory from  smaller ones of its species that live on surrounding islands.

Pterodactyl in Lakewood, California

For Lakewood residents, don’t leave your Chihuahua overnight in the backyard, at least not if your backyard is bordered by a storm channel.

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3D animation of an old man at a chess set

Chess for Beginners

Learning and playing chess can help children mentally, but teenagers and adults can also benefit. So what about beginners who want to improve their chess skills?

Importance Principles for Early Beginners in Chess

  • Learn how to make a checkmate
  • Learn to avoid getting checkmated
  • Learn the values of pieces and don’t throw away material
  • Learn to see when your opponent blunders away material

The above four simple principles, when applied consistently, may allow an early beginner to soon win a game, provided the opponent is also an early beginner.

Chess Book for Beginners

The following is taken from the nonfiction book Beat That Kid in Chess:

Keep your king safe, especially in the early and middle of a game. After most of the pieces have been captured (and no queens are left), it may be important to use the king as a fighting force, but not when it can become in danger, especially not in the opening and middle game. Castle early in the game, to get your king closer to a safe corner. . . .

Take the lessons in this book seriously and your ability to play chess may advance further than if you had struggled through losing twenty games. It might not take the place of seriously struggling through eighty games, however, for over-the-board experience teaches in its own way. Yet you might soon see that kid struggle in competing with you, as you apply these lessons and teach that kid humility. It’s about time he learned that.

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3D animation of an old man at a chess setFrom Geri’s Game by Pixar

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Chess for Children

Studies have shown that playing chess can benefit children in a number of ways, and not just in potentially improving self confidence and self esteem. Playing chess can help kids improve concentration.

Chess in the Movies

A young boy sees men playing chess in a city park and is  fascinated by the game. . . . his father soon learns  that his boy has a natural skill with combinations. [the film “Searching for Bobby Fischer”]

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Star Wars Book for Children

Many children enjoy this best selling picture book: Star Wars Character Encyclopedia, popular on Amazon for two years now. Of course the child who already has in interest in the Star Wars movies will probably be most interested in this science fiction book.

From the table of contents:

Who planned the Rebel assault on the first Death Star? Which surly alien lost an arm in a Mos Eisley cantina? The Star Wars galaxy is full of heroes, villains, aliens, creatures, and droids. All have played their part . . .

More than two hundred are included in this book, with only a few mentioned here:

  • Admiral Ozzel
  • Admiral Piett
  • Anakin Skywalker
  • Bantha
  • Battle Droid
  • Bultar Swan
  • C-3PO
  • Captain Antilles
  • Captain Typho
  • Chewbacca
  • Colo Claw Fish
  • Commander Bacara
  • Count Dooku
  • Crab Droid
  • Darth Maul
  • Darth Vader
  • Dwarf Spider Droid
  • General Grievous
  • General Veers
  • Han Solo
  • Imperial Droids
  • Imperial Red Guards
  • Jabba the Hutt
  • Jar Jar Binks
  • Jawa
  • Lando Calrissian
  • Luke Skywalker
  • Mace Windu
  • Naboo Guard
  • Nexu
  • Obi-Wan Kenobi
  • Palpatine
  • Pit Droid
  • Princess Leia
  • Queen Apailana
  • Qui-Gon Jinn
  • R2-D2
  • Rancor
  • Rebel Trooper
  • San Hill
  • Sandtrooper
  • Scout Trooper
  • Shmi Skywalker
  • Shock Trooper
  • Snowtrooper
  • Space slug
  • Yoda

And many more

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Two hundred plus characters included in this Star Wars picture book, including heroes, villains, and robots

Star Wars Character Encyclopedia – hardcover book

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Child Care in Long Beach

. . .  licensed family daycare home that has given over twenty years of loving secure care for children in Long Beach, California . . .

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